EuroCourse 3 Content

Training contents / Summary Programme

Sessions 

Day 1

Facilitator / instructor

  • Introduction: Objectives of the Generic and the Specific Module. (0.5h)
  • Why is Safety so important; hazards.
  • Examples of accidents in nuclear industrial and medical sectors

Emilio Mínguez, Eduardo Gallego, Mario González

  • The need for Radiological Protection. (1h)
    • Radioactivity, radiation and effects of ionizing radiation on health 
    • Roles of the international organizations in the construction of the national legal frameworks.
    • The definition of the system of Radiological Protection, the three basic principles with emphasis on the optimization principle.
    • The use of dose constraints and reference levels.

Eduardo Gallego

  • The case of the nuclear sector: The need for Nuclear Safety. Defence in depth. (1h) 
  • Why nuclear technology is unique and special?
  • What is the “defence in depth” concept?
  • How this concept has evolved during the last years? And in this 21st Century?
  • What is a safety analysis?
  • What should I know about this?

Mario González

  • Safety Culture definition. (1h)
  • Definition and basis
  • How to work on culture
  • Models
  • Safety Culture Measurement 
  • Safety Culture Improvement

Mario González

Lunch break (1h)

  • Excellence in Human Performance (Human Performance Fundamentals). (2h)
  • What is Human Performance/Human Error/Principles of Excellence
  • Definitions /Individual Behaviour/Key Leadership Practices
  • Anatomy of an Event/Error Precursors/Fallibility and Vulnerability
  • Traps of Human Nature/Performance Modes/Leadership Skills
  • Blame Cycle/Team Skills Ladder/Reinforcement and Coaching
  • Human Performance System/Organization
  • Summary and Conclusions

 

Mario González

  • Case studies (1h)
  • Exercise to show the influence of Error Precursors
  • Determine the different "subcultures in your organization"

Mario González 

 

Sessions 

Day 2

Facilitator / instructor

  • Introduction to specific module. Economic relevance of Safety Culture in medical applications of radiation sources. (0.5h)

E. Mínguez/ Eduardo Gallego / F. González 

  • The ICRP recommendations for radiological protection in medicine. (0.75h)

Eliseo Vañó

  • Case studies (including interaction):

F. González

    • General overview of some major accidental medical exposures in radiotherapy. Problems identified. Patterns in the lessons learned. (1h)

Pierre Scalliet 

    • Presentation of full case studies: Accident occurred in the linear electron accelerator at the University Hospital in Zaragoza, Spain, December, 7 – 9, 1990. (0.5h)

Montserrat Ribas

    • Radiotherapy accident at the Hospital Jean Monnet in Épinal, France (2004-2005) (0.5h)

Jean-Marc Simon

    • Study of the cases presented in working groups / Conclusions (1h)

Fernando González / Pierre Scaliet / Montserrat Ribas/ Jean-Marc Simon 

Lunch break (1h)

  • Economic impacts of lack of safety culture. Round Table (1.5h):
    • Relationship between safety and production.
    • The cost of accidents and the effect of unplanned losses on the company.
    • The development of safety culture as a way to accident prevention.
    • Benefits of developing a strong safety culture:
    • Logical prioritization of safety needs
    • Compliance with legal safety responsibilities
    • More efficient maintenance scheduling and resource utilization 
    • Continuous improvement of operational processes
    • Improved employee morale and productivity
    • Establishing a marketable safety record 
    • Reduction of direct and indirect costs of accidents 
    • Avoiding incident investigation costs and operational disruptions 

 

Eliseo Vañó / 

Christian Lefaure /

Pierre Scalliet /

Montserrat Ribas/ 

Jean-Marc Simon

 

Fernando González 

 

  • Economic benefits of good organization in medical radiology, nuclear medicine and radiotherapy services, including examples. Stimulated discussion. (2h) 

Eliseo Vañó / 

Pierre Scalliet /

Jean-Marc Simon

Fernando González

  • Included example: Optimization analysis on the use of F-18 for PET studies. (0.5h) 

Christian Lefaure

Social act – Dinner

 

Sessions 

Day 3

Facilitator / instructor

  • Safety culture needs with regard to the use of new advanced technologies in radiodiagnostics, radiotherapy and nuclear medicine. (1h)

Andrea Pola

  • The industry perspective and experience with regard to safety improvement (1h): 
  • Radiological Protection and safety in minimally invasive image guided surgery procedures 

F. Millás 

  • Final reflection exercises: the trainees will be invited to present some improvement opportunities related to their own expertise (1h). 

F. González / All

  • Course feedback (0.5h)

F. González / All

  • Closure and adjourn (0.25h)